Projekt LIFE ARTEMIS – Osveščanje, usposabljanje
in ukrepanje za invazivne tujerodne vrste v gozdu

White ash

Fraxinus americana
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Foto: Daderot, CC 0
Foto: Donald Cameron, Go Botany
Foto: Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.jpg
Foto: Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.jpg

NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

PATHWAYS: horticulture, silviculture



DESCRIPTION: Large, deciduous, dioecious tree. Bark grey to brown, already in young trees cracking and forming corky ridges. Twigs olive-green, hairless, shiny. Leaves pinnately compound with 5 to 9 lanceolate to elliptic leaflets. These are dark green above, greyish-white below, mostly glabrous. In autumn, they colour yellow, red or purple. Flowers of both sexes are without petals and have only a small calyx, about 1 mm long. The fruit is a single 3–5 cm long samara, often with a visible leftover of calyx. The wing of the samara does not extend beyond the rounded seed cavity of the samara.

HABITAT: Found mainly in riparian forests.

STATUS: Locally recorded throughout Europe. In Slovenia it was planted in the 20th century in larger stands in the Subpannonian part of the country and locally also in the southwest. It is occasionally planted in parks.  

SIMILAR SPECIES: Leaves of green ash (F. pennsylvanica), narrow-leaved ash (F. angustifolia) and European ash (F.  excelsior) have green underside. Green ash has grey to green-brown twigs which can be glabrous or pubescent. The seed in the samara is flattened, with a wing extending beyond the seed cavity. The samaras of European ash are broader.

SOURCE: Field Guide to Invasive Alien Species in European Forests

Drawings: Paul Veenvliet
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